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Important Primate Vocabulary
Allogrooming reciprocal cleaning of the fur
Allomothering care for an infant by a group member other than itsmother/ like baby-sitting
Arboreal adapted to life in the trees
Biped animal that uses two limbs for locomotion
Brachiation swinging with arms from branch to branch
Cathemeral active periodically throughout the day and night as inlemurs
Consort a friendship between a male and female-to temporarily associateand travel together to enhance male's chance of paternity
Crepescular active in the twilight- mostly at dawn and dusk
Diurnal active during the day
Estrus cycle the period around ovulation when females are willingto mate - indicated by perineal swelling or pheromonal or behavioral signals
Faunivore an animal that eats other animals as a major part of itsdiet
Fission-fusion community a social structure in which individuals ofa troop split to forage and meet up again as a large group when food sourcespermit
Folivore leaf eater
Frugivore fruit eater
Gestation period between conception and birth
Graminivore an animal that east grass seeds and grains as a majorpart of its diet
Infanticide the deliberate killing of infants by members of their own species
Juvenile an individual between infancy and sexual maturity
Lipsmacking a gesture that many primate species use as a friendlysignal when approaching another individual
Nocturnal active during night
Noyau a social structure in which a male's territory overlaps thesmaller territories of several females
Nulliparous a female that has not had offspring/ small nipples
Parous female that has had offspring/ long distended nipples
Prehensile able to grasp by wrapping around/ often refers to the tailof some larger Neotropical monkeys
Quadruped animal that uses four limbs for locomotion
Rhinarium the moist part around the nose that enhances smell in someanimals, including dogs and prosimians
Sacculated divided into small chambers
Sexual dichromatism color pattern variation between genders of thesame species
Sexual dimorphism size, color or weight variation between genders ofthe same species
Solitary foragers search for food spending most of time along
Subordinate lower ranking in a hierarchy and therefore giving wayto dominant individuals
Suspensory Behavior hanging, climbing or moving below tree branches
Tapetum reflective layer in the eyes of nocturnal animals
Terrestrial adapted to life on land